Photography for Beginners – How to get Background Blur – Aperture Tutorial πŸ“· DIY in 5 Ep 30
Photography for Beginners – How to get Background Blur – Aperture Tutorial πŸ“· DIY in 5 Ep 30

Ap-trAhhhh-ture… App-errrr-ture… Why don’t we just say “camera pupils”? That’s much more fun. What’s up, everyone? Im Trisha Hershberger and in this episode
of DIY in 5 we’re going to teach you about another of the three pillars of photography:
aperture. If you want to learn about the other two pillars,
check out our previous video on ISO or subscribe so you are one of the first to check out our
next video coming up on shutter speed. Aperture is just is the hole in the lens where
the light travels to the camera body. The best analogy is that aperture is to a
camera what pupils are to our eyes. The more light available, say in daylight,
the smaller the pupils get. The less light available, like at night, the
larger the pupils become. Opening and closing the aperture, or pupils, will affect how much light makes it to your camera sensor. So how do we change the amount of light getting
into the camera? Let’s talk aperture size. If you’ve ever looked directly into a camera
lens you see a spiral pattern with a hole in the middle. As you change aperture settings you’ll notice
the hole opens at fixed points, or “f-stops”. To change the aperture on your camera increase or decrease the f-stops. The unique thing about f-stops is that the
lower the number, the more light is let into the camera. So for instance an f-stop of 2.8 actually
let’s in way more light than an f-stop of 8. You can see this chart shows some common f-stops
and how much light they let in. One of the unexpected benefits of changing
aperture settings is something known as depth of field. You know when you look at some pictures and
the subject is in focus, but the background is blurry? That effect is called depth of field. Depending on the effect you want you may want
to change your aperture settings. To have a shallow depth of field, meaning
your subject is separated from your background, use a lower f-stop like f2.8. There is lots of photo editing
software that mimics this effect but nothing looks quite as good as the real deal. If you want to have more of the picture in
focus, use a higher f-stop like f8 or higher. The last thing to keep in mind with f-stops
and aperture is that not all lenses are created equal. Just because you made the jump from point-and-shoot
to DSLR doesn’t mean your camera lens has every f-stop available, especially when using
zoom lenses. All lenses have maximum and
minimum f-stops they can achieve, and generally speaking the consumer grade lenses have higher f-stop ratings than professional lenses. The great thing is you can always try out
new lenses before you buy them. There’s sites like,
and others where you can rent new lenses before putting down hundreds or thousands of dollars
on owning it yourself. Now dial in the camera pupil and get to work. Let us know what other photography questions
you have in the comments below and be sure to check out these other great photography
videos. My name is Trisha Hershberger and I’ll see
you next time with more DIY in 5.

38 thoughts on “Photography for Beginners – How to get Background Blur – Aperture Tutorial πŸ“· DIY in 5 Ep 30”

  1. Allie-RX says:

    Portal 3 confirmed…in the form of a camera.

  2. Katelijne Groeneweg says:

    Thnx it really helped me

  3. thegeneral123 says:

    As someone who is getting into manual use of a camera. I must admit I am finding this particular camera focused (pun intended) series. Very useful.

  4. Colin Healy says:

    So what is the relation between ISO and Aperture?

  5. Jeremiah Watson says:

    I am so happy to see Trish on air again. What's cool is she's stretching out her teaching chops. From news to gaming to modeling to teaching. YES!!! What will you do next? (Hopefully act as Wonder Woman)

  6. Patrick Hayes says:

    Great video and overview of aperture. I like the stills you used to help provide better understanding. I really enjoy your content!

  7. MJ Penitila says:

    nice! thanks Trish!

  8. josh'sgoinham says:

    clicked as soon as a
    I saw Trish

  9. extreme0420 says:

    I don't know there is something about her. She is cool.

  10. Not a Stranger says:

    Why would consumer lenses have a higher f-stop than pro lenses? I think it showed it backwards

  11. Alexis Strubing says:

    What camera and lens do you use? I want to buy one for Christmas

  12. Carl Hewlett says:

    Thanks for the explanation! Helped me a lot to understand how to operate manual mode finally!

  13. Dell McLain says:

    Nicely done!

  14. Enes Yildiz says:

    Great video, thanks!

  15. hms helal says:


  16. Rashawn C says:

    Great video

  17. Quilan thetopic says:

    my lens f5.6 as the lowest number but it cant blur. is it from the distance or i need to get a higher lens.

  18. Joe Nas says:

    That aperture. . .ohh yeahhh. . .

  19. Tanmay Navghare says:

    Hi I have a doubt. What happens when we zoom in on a subject. Technically the fstop inscreases making the apperture smaller, but what I have seen is when I zoom focus on a subject I get nice DOF than on zoomed out with lower fstop. Or there is something that I am not understanding. Please clarify

  20. Mr BASS says:

    nice mobel

  21. Mr BASS says:

    what's your nΓ me

  22. Danial Khan says:

    Comment section is filled with perverts.

  23. Aida Giusti says:

    I'm still learning and I love your videos ! So, landscape, nature very sunny outside should I use f8? Auto iso and what about the shutter speed . Please help ! Thanks

  24. William D'Alexander says:

    Hello, i just bought a nikon d3400 with both the 18-55 and the 70-300 lenses….. i took my grandchildren to the park and took a bunch of pics using both lenses,, i was able to get two great picks of them with the blurry background,, but wasn't able to replicate it again…. and i tried about 100 times..LOL… please help…… someone told me to put my camera in apature priority mode,,, i so confused

  25. fitAlittlebit says:

    i am going to try that blurred background with high aperture on my next video on Saturday. wish me luck:)

  26. Safeeya B. says:

    I clicked on this video cuz I thought that looked like Trisha and that it is Trisha!!!

  27. Ezee says:

    It's difficult to concentrate on what she's explaining 😣

  28. Asher Lopez Sioson says:

    Thanks so much i am 10 and i have a cannon 550D and I'm trying to find out how to get the background blurred again thanks so much for your help

  29. Emily Westmore says:

    well i was using a wide angle lens how will i make the background blur i tried it work but it was a medium shot i need a long shot making the background blur and foreground focus

  30. Bric Wild says:

    Typical male… first thing I saw was the ring ha. Great video though. Thanks

  31. Joseva Sadreu says:

    Nice rack 😌

  32. Lim Doeun says:

    Kit lens in canon 77D how to make blur background?

  33. Papa Biggums says:

    this was helpful ty!

  34. BekBek TV says:

    Trisha! i love it. Ill be using this on my camera for my channel.

  35. IANISIN says:

    How do you do it with a handycam CX405?

  36. LE W says:

    Thanks, I watched a few other videos on this and they weren't as thorough as this one.

  37. Himanshu Kashyap says:

    You are very beautiful 😍

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