In The News – “Japanese flu drug ‘clearly effective’…” – Useful Vocabulary and Phrases
In The News – “Japanese flu drug ‘clearly effective’…” – Useful Vocabulary and Phrases


hello! welcome back to another frankly
speaking! this is Frank. that’s me. and today we’re going to look
at another article in the news about coronavirus. this time, about a – hopefully –
a solution or part of a solution to the problem that we have today with this
disease. so, um, let’s get started. here. so, we’re gonna start first by looking at
a summary, or I’ll give you a summary about the the article. I’ll teach you
some useful phrases when talking about diseases and illness, and then we’ll look
at some vocabulary from the article and I’ll give you time to read and to do a
short writing. okay. now, some of you may have seen this chart before, this is – when we talk about flattening the curve, we’re talking about this. I’ll
explain this in case you don’t know. this line is the number of cases or the
number of people with the disease. on this side, we have the time that has
passed since the first case. so we have two ways of handling this outbreak, we
can let let everyone get sick, let everyone get the disease, and let it peak
at some point soon, and then dip back down until there are no more cases, or we
can try to slow the progress of the disease and make it last longer but have
less people infected with it at the same time.
now this line here represents the capacity of the healthcare system: that’s
how many people hospitals and doctors can see at the same
time. what happens if we let everyone get sick at the same time? well we can only
take care of these people down here and these people will not have access to
hospitals. they won’t have access, maybe, to medication, and the doctors won’t be
prepared to treat them. so if we do it quickly like this, then we run the risk
of losing a lot of lives and people dying. now if we do it more slowly, if we
slow the progress of the disease, and the spread of the disease, then we have the
capacity to treat all of these people and the way we do this is by isolating,
self quarantining, or quarantining. staying at home. now there’s the phrase
shelter in place, which means that people try to stay home and work from home and
avoid going out as much as possible. so I’m gonna give you a summary of the
article. so the name of the article is Japanese flu drug clearly effective in
treating coronavirus says China, and this is from The Guardian dot com. all right
before we look at the useful phrases let’s look at these three words. these
are three commonly confused words in English,
so I’ll give you a – I’ll try to clear up the difference between the three
words. we’ll start with injury and disease
first because illness is a little more complicated. so an injury is caused
by a movement or an impact like if you’re playing a sport and you fall or
you hit you hit yourself against something, or you don’t stretch at the
gym. an injury is a broken bone, a strained muscle, any damage to your
muscles or your bones or body is an injury. and it can be – uh, you can recover
from it if you just rest, usually. now, a disease is caused or can
be caused by bacteria, a virus, or a parasite, for example. and a disease needs
to be cured. you need to take medicine or, hopefully, there is medicine to cure
it. that’s one type of disease, but another kind of disease can be heart
disease, lung disease, liver disease. these are diseases that affect one organ in
the body. now, illness is – it’s different. illness is
caused by disease. an illness is more of the effect that diseases have on your
body and your mind. so an illness, if someone is suffering from an illness,
then you know that this is a long-term condition, usually it’s something that’s
affecting them in a lot of ways. now, if you’re talking about injuries, illness,
or disease you might use some of these expressions, and I’m gonna go through
this quite quickly so we can move on. let’s look first at some elementary
level expressions to express if you have an injury and illness or a disease. we
have: now, in this, maybe congested might be a
new word for you. congested is when you can’t breathe because your nose is is clogged
or stuffy. you have a stuffy nose, you are congested. the foreseeable future
this is as far as you can see in the future, and if if a disease is
progressing, it’s actually a bad thing. if you have cancer and your cancer is
progressing then it’s it’s getting worse. okay, we are going to look at some
vocabulary now. this vocabulary is, I’d say, high elementary intermediate and
advanced. we’re gonna play a game for this so you’re gonna need some paper so
you’re going to see some words, a word, sorry. you’re gonna see one word appear,
and the word is gonna be one of these colors: yellow red or purple. if it’s
yellow, it’s an easier word. if it’s red it’s medium. if it’s purple it’s harder –
it’s a harder word. the word will be – it’s gonna be scrambled, so you won’t know
from reading it what the word is. you need to look at the word and listen to
my definition and try to think of what the word is, so I’ll show you the
word, I’ll read the definition. you should pause, and try to think of what the word
is before continuing. all right are you ready? here we go. first word: this is a
natural or a cultured variety of a microorganism or a virus. for example
it’s a kind of a virus so usually the virus like the flu virus, it
mutates, it changes and it becomes a BEEP of the virus. okay, this is a word that
means the the conclusion of something, the way that something turns out or the
consequence. this is a test and we use this word when
we talk about scientific type of tests or clinical type of tests. this is an
adjective that means that it works well, it means that it is
successful in producing a desired or an intended result. this is a mathematical
term we use it in math when we have a list of numbers, this is the number
that’s in the middle of all of those numbers. this is one of the
effects that you feel when you’re sick. for example, because you have a cold then
some of your BEEP are you have cough, a stuffy nose, or a runny nose, sore throat. this is a word – it’s a verb – and it means
to duplicate, to grow in size, or in number. I should say, for example, you have
two of something and then the next day you have four, and the next day you have
eight. then you would use this verb to describe it. this is a hard one. this is a type of
medication that’s used for certain diseases, for example, HIV is one. it’s a
kind of medication. this is a verb and a noun.
I’ll give you the definition of the noun it’s a resource or a stock of a resource
that can be provided, so if you need something and someone can give you that
thing then you’re going to get a BEEP of that thing. this is a quite easy word, it
means help or assistance, and when we use it to talk about –
let’s say a situation in the world. then it’s help that is given to a country. this is a sudden or a violent start of
something like war, disease. it means that it happens unexpectedly. this is a word
that we use as a verb and a noun and as a noun it’s the investigation, especially
in science and scientific work, the investigation into and the study of
materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new
conclusions. and this is a word that is a it’s a noun and it means the action of
saying that you agree to something. you say okay to
something. especially if you’re someone in power like the president of a country. okay all right so the first word that
was a kind of virus a mutation for example of a virus is a strain. the next
one was the way something turns out the outcome the next one was a type of test.
that’s a trial. this means that it’s successful in producing a result. that’s
effective. the next one, the middle in a list of numbers is the median. this is
the effects of being sick, like a cough or runny nose. symptom. to
duplicate to grow a number, to multiply. a type of medication that’s used
especially for HIV is an antiretroviral. because the HIV virus is a retrovirus. the next one was a stock of a resource.
if you need something and someone has it and they provide you with it then they
supply you with it, or they give you a supply of it. the next one was a word
that means help, aid. to suddenly – sorry – the sudden or violent start of
something is a an outbreak. the type of study or investigation that scientists
do is research. and the action of saying okay to something, especially if someone
is in power… they give their approval. approval. okay I will give you all the
definitions here so you can pause the video, write them,
or read them. okay now you can read the article. the link is in the description
and when you finish reading it I suggest you try this: why don’t you write a short
summary of the article yourself and why answer this question: why do
you think it takes a long time for governments to approve the use of new
medications? alright thank you for listening. thank you for checking out the
channel. I hope you learned something today and I hope to see you again soon.
make sure you subscribe and also if you wrote an answer for – if you wrote a
summary of this, then please leave it in the comments for others to see and for
me to check out. alright, catch you later!

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