In The News – “Coronavirus: 10 Reasons Not To Panic…”, Expressing Opinions, and Health Vocabulary
In The News – “Coronavirus: 10 Reasons Not To Panic…”, Expressing Opinions, and Health Vocabulary

Hello everyone this is Frank from
frankly speaking today we’re going to look at a news article about something
that’s very important and it’s affecting everyone around the world at the moment
we’re gonna talk about the corona virus and we’ll look at an article that gives
you ten reasons not to panic. Right. Now. Before we start:
What does panic mean? I have here the definition of fear and of panic. these
are two similar ideas but one is an extreme version of the other. so when we
talk about fear this is the definition from, I believe, Colin’s dictionary. it’s
an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is
dangerous likely to cause pain or a threat. that’s your normal rational fear.
it’s reasonable and it’s a natural response. panic is a sudden
uncontrollable fear or anxiety often causing wildly unthinking behavior. so
when you panic you’re not responding in a reasonable way. you’re acting
irrationally, and possibly causing some harm. so this article is
going to talk about the reasons not to panic during this and it’s a written by
a microbiologist and this comes from please check the
description for the link. I will ask you to read the article at a certain point,
but later. first let’s talk about… I’ll give you a summary first of the article
and we will express some opinions about this. I’ll go through some structures for
elementary level, intermediate level and advanced level. different ways of
expressing your opinions. then we’ll look at vocabulary I’ll explain some of the
vocabulary and this will be elementary level, intermediate, and advanced
vocabulary. and finally, I’ll give you time to read and I’ll give you a short
writing task that you can complete in the comments section.
so before I start with the summary I’d like you to just look at this picture
and I just want to say this: this image and, you know, this kind of picture, it can
cause a lot of fear in people. I think, especially people from the West. we are
not used to seeing face masks on people in public. I know in Asian countries,
especially East Asian countries, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and China, people wear face
masks when they’re sick so maybe this is a little different in the West. this
image is very scary, especially when you look at an empty mall or just empty
streets. so it’s natural for you to be afraid during this, or to feel some fear.
let me summarize the article. so this article talks about ten reasons not to
panic and I’ll just summarize each of the ten reasons. so the first reason they
say is we have identified the cause of the virus of the disease: we know the
virus and we know a lot about it. compared with AIDS in the 1980s, it took
two years to identify what was causing AIDS, and it turned out to be
another virus. the next part of the article – a reason not to
panic – is that scientists have developed a test for it: tests are available around
the world right now people can check themselves and hospitals are
able to test people. we can see an improvement in China, so China was the
first country to show or to experience this disease, and already today we can
see some improvement which shows that we can control this. 80% of cases show no
symptoms or mild symptoms: that means only a small percentage of people will
experience more severe symptoms, especially the elderly, mostly. more
and more people are recovering from it: we know that there are many many more
people who have recovered than those who have died from it.
children are mostly safe: that’s important for a lot of people and
families. one part of society is safe. we can kill the virus quite easily: there
are things that you probably have in your house that can kill the virus a
mixture of alcohol or ethanol and hydrogen peroxide. we know that can kill
it, so you we don’t need to create something or invent some
thing to kill this virus. there’s an international scientific effort to find
a solution to this problem, to develop medicine and it’s a much
better cooperation than ever before. the vaccines are already being tested:
they’ve already developed some prototypes which are being tested right
now so we already are on the way to finding a solution, and finally, we have
medicine that’s already effective and we’re developing more if you look at
some other diseases like AIDS. for example, we didn’t have any medicine
to treat that for many many years and already we have medicine that works and
we’re developing better ones at the moment. So that’s the summary of the
article. now I really want to stress something that’s important for you now
or in the future when we talk about something so important as a
disease or a pandemic like this. facts are not opinions so when you express
yourself when you talk about this with someone, make sure that you’re giving
an opinion. unless you’re a scientist who knows a lot about this most of the
things you’re saying are your opinion and so it’s important to to let people
know that what you’re saying is an opinion and not a fact. I’m going to go
through some different structures you can use to express your opinions and
we’ll do this by level, so Elementary: first some ways that you can express
your opinion I think, I believe, in my opinion,
I’m sure that. these are all similar expressions or structures you can use to
give your opinion like: I think we should be careful about this,
I believe we shouldn’t panic, in my opinion we should only listen to the
scientists, I’m sure that we’re going to be ok. now, intermediate level you might
use some structures like I’d say that, it seems to me that, the way I see it, I’m
positive that. so you might say: I’d say that we can trust each other to get
tested if we feel sick, it seems to me that we need to be cautious around the
elderly, the way I see it if people don’t handle facemasks carefully they might
make someone sick, I’m positive that we’ve seen the worst of this. And if
you’re an advanced English speaker you might use some of these other structures
like: I can’t help thinking, without a shadow of doubt, quite frankly, **frankly**,
I’m entirely convinced that. For example I can’t help thinking that it might take
some months for a vaccine to be released, without a shadow of doubt doctors and
nurses are going to be on the front line of this, quite frankly this is going to
hurt us economically but we’ll overcome it and
learn how to handle this again in the future,
I’m entirely convinced that we’ll be able to employ all our scientific and
technological resources to resolve this crisis. okay let’s look at some vocabulary. yeah
first I’m going to just go through some elementary and intermediate vocabulary.
please follow along you can pause the video and test yourself before I explain
these words. the first words are: thermometer, temperature, fever, and
symptom. For example: we can check using a thermometer, we can check our temperature,
and if we have a fever, we can find out this way because fever is one of the
symptoms of the corona virus disease. now this picture is a picture of a virus and
the reason it’s called the coronavirus is because of these small projections.
this is the corona of the virus, all of these projections. we know that the
coronavirus originated in bats and we know that it’s highly contagious. that
means we can easily pass it to someone else and it’s spread by aerosols.
aerosols are a mixture of air and liquid water. so anytime that you breathe out
or when you speak, you’re releasing aerosols.
so if someone is standing close to you they can get the disease if you have it
but if someone is further away, you’re safe or they’re safe if you carry it. in
this picture we have someone who’s at the airport and let’s imagine this
person’s been traveling, they arrived at the
airport, and now the CDC is asking them some questions. so this is a health care
worker who’s wearing a face mask and she’s also wearing surgical gloves. these
are being used by health care workers but not that many people are wearing
these right now. now, the face mask is recommended in some countries and the
World Health Organization actually thinks that face masks might be
hazardous because if you don’t know how to properly handle it, you might leave
the face mask on a table, or on a surface and someone else might touch that
surface and get sick. so face masks can protect you but there they can also
be hazardous or dangerous. and the health declaration is something you might have
to do if you arrive in an airport right now and it’s just a declaration that you
say that you feel a certain way. For example, if I have a fever, I should tell
them that I have a fever and include that in my health declaration. now if you feel that you have come in
contact with someone with the disease, you might be quarantined so the
government might quarantine you, or you might go into self quarantine where you
choose not to leave the house just to be safe. self quarantine is a noun as well,
like, when you are in self quarantine you should stay away from friends and
neighbors, and when people go into quarantine, they tend to stock up before
they go in. that means that they buy all of the things that they’re going to need, including food and, for some reason,
toilet paper. now, we know the coronavirus affects your lungs,
especially. most people die from lung diseases like pneumonia, so it’s
affecting your whole respiratory system, as well. we have some antiviral medicine
antiviral means it kills viruses and doctors might give you some medicine in
the form of pills like these. okay, now some upper intermediate and advanced
vocabulary. this is a list of vocabulary words from the article and some of these
words are adjectives, some are verbs, and some are nouns. some of the words
actually could be a verb and a noun. what I’d like you to do is pause the
video and copy these down in a list make a
list of adjectives, verbs, and nouns and just guess with these words what you
think they are. Pause the video I’ll give you 10 seconds and I’ll continue. okay. so let’s start with adjectives first.
there aren’t many adjectives here there’s only a few so we have novel,
severe, and preliminary. those are adjectives. next some verbs. we have
spread, contain, and estimate. next we have nouns and you can guess all of these are
nouns. some of these words are quite difficult to pronounce, so practice
listening and repeating them please. pandemic, transmission, lethality, repercussions, origin, isolation, outbreak,
symptom, mortality, solution, repository, pneumonia, spread, estimate. now notice
spread is a verb and a noun and the pronunciation is the same but estimate
and estimate have different pronunciations. when it’s a verb, we say
estimate but when it’s a noun it’s estimate. okay now let me explain a few of these
words. I suggest you look in the dictionary for most of these but, first,
look at these ones that I think are particularly important: we have
spread. spread has multiple meanings and you probably know of spread from
spreading butter on bread, for example. but in this case this has a different
meaning. it’s a similar idea but a different meaning.
so to spread can mean to extend over a large area.
for example this virus is spreading around the world, it’s extending. spread
as a noun is referring to the process of spreading so you could say the spread of
coronavirus is evolving very quickly. next we have contain, and contain is
another one that’s a verb that you probably already know but in this
article it has a different meaning when we talk about diseases. to contain
usually means to hold or keep usually inside of something like this cup
contains water but when we talk about diseases to contain means to slow down
or to stop the spreading of something. so this disease that’s spreading very
quickly, we need to contain it, we need to slow it down and stop it, prevent it from
reaching new areas. solution is another word that you know as the answer to a
problem or to a puzzle the solution to what’s the solution for number six? in
math, for example. but in this article we’re not talking about that kind of
solution. we’re talking about a solution of liquids this is a
mixture of liquids, when you mix two liquids, one in the other, then you get a
solution. and this word, it’s a word that’s not used very commonly: novel. you
know it as a book but you might not know it as meaning new when we have the novel
coronavirus it means the new coronavirus. okay some pronunciation this is
confusing pronunciation for you so if you will just listen and repeat: novel, transmission, lethality, scenarios, this SC
is just an S sound, scenarios, repercussions, origin, isolation, repository, preliminary, severe, pneumonia, this P is silent so start with
an N sound, pneumonia. okay. let’s do a little vocabulary game here.
I’m going to describe one of the words that I just explained and you should say
the word that I’m describing. so hopefully your memory is good, you
remember the words, for example, this is a word that means the beginning of
something the source of something, and the answer is origin. okay
the next one this is a disease that is uncontrollably spreading around the
world. it’s not “coronavirus”. pandemic this is the first step in doing
something or the first few steps before you can do something else, preliminary. this word means the same as
to pass to someone, to give to someone, – for example with the disease a disease
when it moves from one person to another person, transmission. the next one is a
place where we keep journals, scientific journals, for people to access them.
that’s repository. okay this is a disease or, sorry, it’s a condition caused by a
disease where your lungs are attacked and people can die from this: pneumonia.
the next one is an adjective that means new, novel. and finally this is a mixture
of liquids you mix two or more liquids together and you get a… solution. solution.
alright so if you will look in the description of the video, read the
article. please read the article, try to understand as much as you can, use the
vocabulary that I taught you, and when you’re finished, I’d like you to write a
short summary of this article. I’d like you to write the summary of the
information in the article and then give your opinion about why some people are
panicking. why do you think some people are panicking about this? and you can
leave your essay in the comments section and we’ll take a look at it and see what
you wrote and give you some feedback and that’s all for today
alright thank you so much for checking out my channel and watching my videos
please subscribe check out my other videos I’ll be updating frequently
during this time that we’re all isolated by the coronavirus. okay.

2 thoughts on “In The News – “Coronavirus: 10 Reasons Not To Panic…”, Expressing Opinions, and Health Vocabulary”

  1. Hoa Bui says:

    It's really useful

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