How To Paint a Landscape in 4 Values – 05 Inktober 2019
How To Paint a Landscape in 4 Values – 05 Inktober 2019


Hello everyone, thanks for joining me today. I’m painting in black and white gouache on Toned paper really cool and I want to talk a little bit about my process and how to paint a landscape So when it comes to landscapes There is a few values to take note of in order to create a realistic image. And in this case, there is the sky background hills or mountains trees and uprights like bushes and the ground so 4 main value groups. By observing these different value groups in the subject, I can begin to understand the relationships between each of these elements of the landscape and as a general rule, the sky is usually the lightest value in a landscape. This isn’t always the case, but it’s a good rule to follow most of the time. And the next lightest value after the sky is usually the ground. This is because the ground for the most part is usually perpendicular to the sun, which is the main light source in a landscape, and that means that it’s going to catch the most light – more than the trees and the mountains. After the ground, we have – in value – we have the hills or the mountain sides. These are usually a bit darker than the ground given the fact that they’re at an angle towards the light and not perpendicular like the ground is, which means that they catch less light, of course. And last but not least if you haven’t guessed it already. We have the trees being the darkest value in a landscape Trees.. ..stand upright also bushes as well and point almost directly to the light source and are perpendicular to the ground and this means that they will catch the least amount of light relative to other elements in a landscape. Once you understand these simple guidelines, these general guidelines to follow, it becomes quite easy to replicate most landscapes that you see or come across. But the tricky part about these values and elements is that each one of these elements can contain light, midtone, shadows, reflected light, and dark & light accents. So for example, one tree can contain these five to six different values on its own and.. ..if we apply that to each element in the landscape, it can become pretty overwhelming quite quickly. The way to handle this is by simplifying, which is really another video topic in itself, but simplifying these values within the landscape will create a much stronger image than copying every value and every tone that you see. So this of course takes a lot of time, a lot of practice but it’s really no different than anything else in life or art, and now that you know the general rule of these values in the landscape, you have a way to assess your painting once it’s finished and critique it and you’ll begin to see and understand where your values might be wrong, where they’re right and this is very important for improving your work moving forward and you can apply the knowledge you learned from your past mistakes to your new work that you create. So I hope that was helpful. If you have any questions regarding anything I mentioned, please let me know down in the comments below.. ..I would love to hear from you. Hope you enjoyed this video. Stay tuned for the next one. Peace

4 thoughts on “How To Paint a Landscape in 4 Values – 05 Inktober 2019”

  1. Virginia R Parker says:

    Thank you. This was a good one for understanding about basic values if I’m not mistaken. 😊

  2. Manisha Rai says:

    I just love to watch.. your video

  3. Marcel Harding Art says:

    nice brother

  4. Henrique Januário says:

    Very good! Did you based this painting in a B & W photo? Peace!

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