How does Aperture Affect Photographs (Depth of field) | Basics of  Photography  Episode 7
How does Aperture Affect Photographs (Depth of field) | Basics of Photography Episode 7

Hello and welcome to another episode on GMax Studios. Over the past few weeks, we have been talking about how to take more creative control over the kind of photographs that we take. Last week for instance, we saw how shutter speed affects our pictures. Today we shall take a look at how aperture affects the photograph that we take. We shall also try and understand what depth of field is and how aperture can be used to control depth of field to get each photograph that we take unique look and feel. For unique photograph that we take there is a point of focus. In this photograph for instance. The focus is on the number five. Apart from the point of focus there is an here in front and behind the point of focus that looks like it is in focus too. The distance between the nearest and farthest point that appear sharp is called depth of field. The large depth of field is often called deep focus or deep depth of field, and a small depth of field is often called shallow focus or shallow depth of field. How deep or shallow the depth of field is, depends on the aperture that we are shooting at. So, the smaller the aperture, the greater the depth of field. Or an easy way to remember it is, the greater the aperture f number, the greater the depth of field, and of course, the smaller the aperture number the smaller the depth of field. So this photograph for instance has a very shallow depth of field because it has been shot at an aperture of f/2. And this one has a relatively deep depth of field cause it has been shot at f16. So you say, I bought this new fast lens with a bigger aperture and since a bigger aperture lets in more light into the camera, why don’t I shoot full wide open all the time? Well, this is something that I learned after making a lots of mistakes. Using depth to fill your advantage is a matter of deciding how do you want to reveal or hide in your photographs. Traditionally, while shooting people or portraits, we use a shallow depth of depth of field so that the attention is on the subject, and we use a deep depth of field while shooting landscape because we want everything to be in focus, but then there are always exceptions. Suppose you are shooting a group of people. If you shoot with your aperture open some people in your group will not be too happy with the outcome. So you need to stock down your aperture if one could see a bit more of the environment, so I stopped down just a little bit to f/4 and shot this one. In both the photographs at both the apertures, there was hardly any change in the way the subject appeared, but you can alter the field of the picture by altering the depth of field. There are a few other factors that affect depth of field but we shall discuss them a few episodes from now. So while there are no hard and fast rules about what kind of photographs to take with what aperture, it is important to think before we press the shutter and know what kind of options are available to us by opening or closing the aperture. Even extremely simple pictures can make use of this to effectively convey what you are trying to say. So how do we control aperture while shooting? The answer lies in the aperture priority mode of the camera. the aperture priority mode is denoted by an ‘A’ on Nikon cameras and ‘AV’ on Canon cameras. In this mode you choose the aperture at which you want to take the photograph and the camera automatically adjust the shutter speed for a proper exposure. So it might be a great idea to change your cameras to aperture priority mode and see what different kind of picture can you take at different apertures. All right then since now we know about aperture priority and we learnt about shutter priority in the previous episode. In the next episode we shall talk about the other modes on the camera which is the program or auto mode and the much dreaded and feared manual mode. Till then keep watching our videos, subscribe to our channel, share our videos and we will see you next week. Till then keep shooting.

100 thoughts on “How does Aperture Affect Photographs (Depth of field) | Basics of Photography Episode 7”

  1. Nishant Bhagat says:

    sir i have Xperia L having aperture 2.8 what range does it will stand good for ?????

  2. Vivek kumar agrawal says:

    excellent videos ,really very helpful….I am confused choosing between Nikon and Canon will you please help me …..

  3. SinisterDouble says:

    Awesome video, you just gained a new sub.

  4. iles Medrano says:

    Would you say aperture priority would be good for photographing kids? I have an entry level camera nikon d3100 with a prime lens an I'm having hard time getting my wiggly 2yr old in focus. Thanks so much cant wait for more vids!

  5. Manish Singh says:

    waiting for next episode…

  6. Divaksh Jain says:

    Waiting for Episode 8. 🙁

  7. TridibBiswas says:

    Come on, how long do we have to wait for the discussion on "much dreaded and feared" Manual mode ??? I learned much from eps 7, waiting for eps 8.

  8. Irmantas Irmantasd says:

    Best lessons. Thank you very much.

  9. Ashok Saluja says:

    bade saaf aur simple shabdon men aap samjhate hain ….eng aur hindi bhi bdi achhi bolte hain ,,agle episode ka intzaar hai ..aap apna naam bhi batayen ..khush aur swasth rahen .God Bless You …

  10. Guitar Tab Lab says:

    Thank you, this was much helpful

  11. pdp sng says:

    Lens Retract का क्या मतलब होता है ?

  12. Phoenix I says:

    Great Episodes! They are really helpful and well explained. Keep it up!

  13. Mansoor Farooqui says:

    Hi.. loved the tutorials.. nice stuff man.. keep it up..

  14. Abbas Shaikh says:

    make some video on photo editing work flow.

  15. Unesh Kumar says:

    sir thank you very much for this video

  16. POP says:

    Thank you, Thank you and Thank you. This is the most easiest tutorial to understand about Aperture that I have ever seen.

  17. happy singh says:

    Helpful Video, Thank you so much.

  18. Rahul Singh says:

    i am a beginner and everything  here is explained in such a great way that there is no doubt left after watching the full video. the concepts become very clear now.
    thanks for making such a channel.

  19. siddharth manu says:

    All your videos are very informative and very much easy to understand with much examples…thank you very much…BTW i subscribed to your channel 🙂

  20. Rishi Sahu says:

    thanks sir

  21. Maya pyramide says:

    How can I get a blurie background like in this video please

  22. Maya pyramide says:

    So your lens is 50mm f1.8?

  23. Aman Kidane says:

    Your examples are the best yet, good details!Thanx!

  24. Harshil Chordia says:

    How is the subject of the photograph is changed while shooting in low aperture?

  25. Kareem Aly says:

    I like those Legos 😀
    Nice tutorial thanks

  26. Subhani Sk says:

    thank you sir

  27. Lord of the Jungle says:

    These are great videos and I am learning a great deal

  28. Fat Fook says:

    I have a nikon d3200 with the included Nikon DX AF-S 18-55mm 1:3.5-5.6G lens, I have the f number goes all the way up to 36 in aperture mode with the dialer but I still need more depth of field to shoot products that length from inches to two or three foot long. What kind of camera and lens or settings to get the maximum aperture?

  29. arsol solana says:

    very well said and great info, love photography, but dont have dslr camera.

  30. Gray Farms, Inc. says:

    Perfect and clear description !!!!   Thank you

  31. S says:

    Your videos are amazing ive been looking for a while for a video really explaining aperture, and now i understand. Thank you

  32. Mohammed Abeer says:

    Really Awesome Brother Your Tutorial Method Very Very Clear to Understand Thank you ..

  33. Jon Gamba says:

    This one has complete detail.

  34. ezekiel ocampo says:

    wow really helpful! thanks!

  35. Big John says:

    i have seen dozens of turorials about aperture. only you make it clear and easy to learn. congrats!

  36. Martin Benford says:


  37. Labib Ittihadul says:

    I don't know how many times I should say thanks to you for this lesson.
    Great !!

  38. Jeff says:

    Dude! Thank you for this vid! Big help!

  39. grayisagirl c says:

    wow, the pic at 4:28, awezome!

  40. Vikram Jaisingh says:

    Very good leaning. Wow..!!!

  41. pankaj goyal says:

    what is the main purpose of this macro extension tube ……?????

  42. PRABIR DEY says:

    Sir Lance???

  43. Omar Khayyam says:

    A great video Sir. I am just starter and I have a good thing today. I am following you sir. Thank you for this great piece of knowledge.

  44. Deonisius Pradipta says:

    Nice tutorial, subscribed! 👌

  45. Eugene Wong says:

    Excellent! Thank you so much.

  46. Canosonic says:

    excellent video.

  47. MrTamendez says:


  48. Unique Collection says:

    Dear Sir,
    You Are The Best Educator Ever i Seen..
    I learned Too Much From You, And Now I'm Doing Product Photography Professionally.
    it is Possible only because of You. i am Very Thankful To You And Your Channel.
    Now I'm Looking For Bokeh Effect Photography, And Seen Too Many Videos But Nobody Likes You..
    I Wish To Learn Bokeh Photography From You.. Hope To See Bokeh Tutorial Soon..

    Thanks And Regards,
    Ur Fan Your Student,
    Ammar Memon

    And Lots Of Love And Wish
    From Surat.

  49. Jatt Lalkar says:

    Nicely explained. Top man bhai

  50. tonty fonty says:

    nice .. most easy to grasp video

  51. jan sherry says:


  52. Karthikeyan Puthukudi says:

    Videos are very informative well explained and easy to understand. Great.  Thank you very much.

  53. Photonplay Display Systems says:

    people used to talk more and tell less,
    But you have explained better than anyone.


  54. Gaurav Khurana says:

    very nicely explained with so many examples

  55. Alexis Fasoulis says:

    Is it just me…or he really looks like an evil Indian guy?Great tutorial btw!

  56. Japoy Amador says:

    You're the man! Very informative video. Thanks!

  57. Operation Team says:

    very nice, can you tel me , if we keep camera in Aperture m priority mode, than what should be the iso , we have to set the iso in manual or auto iso. can you help me.

  58. sframalho says:

    Great channel! Congrats from Brazil!

  59. Narendra Choudhary says:

    Excellent video. Thanks for sharing.

  60. Rehan Sha says:

    Sir explain more in hindi.. there are lots of videos in eng.. we need in our mother tounge to understnd better🙂🙂🙂

  61. Arvinder Singh Gandhi says:

    Very good explanation … 👍🏼

  62. Dhiraj Bhavsar says:

    Hello Sir, Would you please tell how did you shoot the image at ? What was the camera settings and how did you post process the image?

  63. Naval singh pachwarya says:

    Which camera is used there

  64. Piyush Kumar says:

    your way of teaching is so smooth 😍

  65. mughees haider says:

    Plz tell me how i can i improve my focus

  66. amol pathak says:

    nicely explained

  67. Raymond Callora says:

    👍👍👍 another thumbs up video. Ive learn about the av mode which auto adjusting the shutter … 😉😉😉

  68. Sagar Kumar says:

    Simple tutorial. And also the narrator's voice is also crisp and clear to understand.



  70. Jawad Kazmi says:

    Love the way you have explained it. Thank you Sir.

  71. Kamal Ahmed says:

    Nice Nice Nice. Thanks buddy.

  72. Safikul Alam says:

    Best channel of photography

  73. Michal Olender says:

    Thanks man!

  74. K M S Naidu says:

    super teching sir more videos will do about photography

  75. K M S Naidu says:

    sir pls explained coc and hyper focal distance

  76. Awungshi M. Zimik says:

    This is the best tutorial in all youtube. Thanks man.

  77. Awungshi M. Zimik says:

    This is the best tutorial in all youtube. Thanks man.

  78. Emmy Abe says:

    Thanks man… I have a problem with my night photography😞 im not happy with my night photos…

  79. Sayed Mohamd says:

    Best tutorial on youtube

  80. Paul Csikos says:

    Thanks for making it so easy to understand!

  81. kenyan patriot says:


  82. Herwin says:

    Thank you. Very useful and detailed

  83. Nachiket Pargaonkar says:

    Just wow! You've explained the concept very simply! Keep it up!

  84. Santhosh HR says:

    Awesome!! Subscribed 😉

  85. zwartel says:

    The best tutorial thanks so much

  86. Neeladri Tanaya Samal says:

    Thanks sir im a beginner i want to blore background how i ll fixed aparurtre canon user 200d

  87. VoiceDrew says:

    Sometimes the widest aperture isn't always a particular lens' sweet spot.

  88. mohit singh says:

    Sir plz suggest me which lens choose vlogging I have canon eos 200d camera.

  89. SHAZEB KHAN says:

    If we increases or decrease aperture so we want also change shutter speed low or fast
    Plz tell me

  90. sangeeta thakuria says:

    Sir Mera apurture 4.5 see Kam nehi ho raha hai.. d3400

  91. Kohinoor Cinewedding says:

    Aperture2.8 hai to depth of field shallow matlab focus area Chota Aour Aperture 22 hai to focus area Jayda … Picture More Sharp
    lakin ye sub technicallykaise hota hai…. ye jankari Chihiye.
    Ok… Sir Mai Aapka bada fan hun.. aapke sub tutorials mere pc me Save Hai.
    Aap Bahut Acha … saral Bhasha me Samaza Dete hai. Mera whatsup No. Hai. – 7620181651…
    Aapse whatsup par bate hongi to Deher sara Bolenge.
    Mera Ladaka Bhi Aapka bada fan hai.
    please mere sawal ka jawab de dijiyaga…. tutorial banake denge hi…
    aapko aour kya khuchi…. aapse kai log ummeed rakhate hain.
    whtsup par jaldi denge to …… mai shukragujar rahunga

  92. Rajesh Sethi says:


  93. Hameed Yousefi says:

    you are the best teacher

  94. El Hassan Rouijel says:

    Thanks a lot

  95. My Indian Odyssey says:

    You are the best in explaining this. ❤️❤️

  96. Late Bloomer says:

    5 years later and this video still was able to help me understand more about aperture

  97. Alex Dolan says:

    2:43 "Suppose you are shooting a group of people"

  98. Julian’s Reviews says:

    I like your way of teaching

  99. Adyah says:

    Thank you for the tutorial 🙂 you are very well spoken, you do remind me of Ashutosh Rana , professor bakshi from the movie , Raaz!

  100. CrueLoaf says:

    Brilliant video. Very clear. Thank you.

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